Somaliland Said Qatari Donation is Clear Violation of Arms Embargo on Somalia

The government of Somaliland is thoroughly disappointed and expresses its grave concern over the armored vehicles donated by Qatar to Somalia.  In light of verified past and ongoing diversions of weapons and other military equipment to terrorist and criminal groups by the Government of Somalia – whether by neglect or design – such an action represents a clear violation of the current arms embargo on Somalia and poses a material threat to our nation Somaliland as well as the security of the neighboring countries

The government of Somaliland is making particular reference to the resolutions stated by the United Nations’ Security Council in its Resolutions. ‘With regards to Somalia the Council

renewing the arms embargo imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 733 of 23 January 1992. Further elaborated upon in paragraphs I and 2 of resolution 1425 (2002) and modified in various subsequent resolutions decided to renew the provisions set out in paragraph 2 of resolution 2142 (2014) until 15 November 2019 as paragraph 13 and 14 of Resolution 2444 (2018).

Our concern is that, violating the United Nations Security Council resolution 2444 (2018) under chapter VII of the charter of the United Nations will result to escalate the protracted conflict with devastating consciences for Somalia and the potential to fuel further instability across the region including Somaliland. Resolution 2444 also explicitly condemns any transfer or defense materials that result in their possession by Al-Shabaab and affiliates linked to the Islamic State terrorist organization.

86 Armored Military Vehicles donated by Qatar to Somalia

Although, the donor argued that the supply of the armored vehicles intention is to ‘help

Somalia’s effort to establish peace and stability and fight terrorism” because of the inability, of Somalia government, these weapons can instead be used in a conflict that is causing immense suffering and loss of lives, since Somalia is politically and socially fragmented

The supply or sale or weapons and defense materials and related efforts to build the capacity of Somalia’s security services is well-intentioned but imprudent, as weapons and military equipment are routinely transferred to clan militias and terrorist groups.

This systemic practice constitutes a serious and debilitating threat to peace and stability in East Africa. The Security Council has itself expressed concerns regarding such weapons diversions to date and has repeatedly urged the government of Somalia to improve weapon and ammunition management practices. Defections of soldiers from the Somali National Army to Al-Shabaab on a regular basis make such improvements virtually impossible

Moreover, Somalia previously refused to grant access for UN Monitors, and hindered to collaborate with the Panel of Experts on Somalia, whose task is to oversee the remaining sanctions on Somalia, after lifting arms embargo from Eritrea. This shows that Somalia’s compliance to the turns or the arms embargo also remains ‘consistently weak.

Somaliland has experienced the destabilizing consequences of these weapons diversions firsthand. Armed groups utilizing weapons, ammunition and vehicles intended for the government or Somalia have infiltrated Somaliland through our eastern border with Puntland and have disrupted the peace, security and stability of communities in that region In particular Somaliland holds that Somalia and its proxies in Puntland directly responsible for starting the armed conflict at Tukaraq

86 armored military vehicles donated by Qatar to Somalia

Somaliland authorities have received no information from the state of Qatar on precautions it has undertaken to ensure that military equipment provided to authorities in Puntland via Somalia will not be diverted to ISIS and Al-Shabaab groups based in the Galgala Mountains and surrounding areas. Our efforts to submit formal complaints through the appropriate United Nations channels regarding these violations of Somaliland’s territorial integrity and national security are undermined by the organization’s refusal to recognize Somaliland as a Member state

Somaliland Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation Minister: Yassin Mohamud Hiir (Faratoon)

As the Security Council fulfills its mandate to monitor the arms embargo and assess the security environment in and around Somalia, Somaliland requests that individual nations that donate, or sell any military equipment to the government of Somalia ensure appropriate safeguards to prevent the transfer or weapons to terrorist groups and other armed militias. The donation or armored vehicles to Somalia by the State of Qatar should be evaluated in this manner. The failure to receive sufficient guarantees against further diversion poses a serious threat to the security, peace and stability of Somaliland and beyond.

My government looks forward to your immediate attention and action in response to this troubling development and its contravention of Resolution 2444.

Daily Nation of Kenya

Somaliland News Agency in Somalia


The Security Council Resolution 733 (1992)

5.Decides, under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, that all States shall, for the purposes of establishing peace and stability in Somalia, immediately implement a general and complete embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Somalia until the Council decides otherwise

 

The Security Council Resolution 1425 (2002),

1.Stresses that the arms embargo on Somalia prohibits financing of all acquisitions and deliveries of weapons and military equipment;

2. Decides that the arms embargo prohibits the direct or indirect supply to Somalia of technical advice, financial and other assistance, and training related to military activities;

 

Annex of Resolution 2111 (2013)

1.Surface to air missiles, including Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems (MANPADS);

2. Guns, howitzers, and cannons with a caliber greater than 12.7 mm, and ammunition and components specially designed for these. (This does not include shoulder fired anti-tank rocket launchers such as RPGs or LAWs, rifle grenades, or grenade launchers.);

3. Mortars with a caliber greater than 82 mm;

4. Anti-tank guided weapons, including Anti-tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) and ammunition and components specially designed for these items;

5. Charges and devices intended for military use containing energetic materials

Source: Foreign Affairs Letter to UN Page 1  Page 2 Page 3